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How Physicists Proved The Universe Isn't Locally Real - Nobel Prize in Physics 2022 EXPLAINED

  • Published on Mar 29, 2023 veröffentlicht
  • Alain Aspect, John Clauser and Anton Zeilinger conducted ground breaking experiments using entangled quantum states, where two particles behave like a single unit even when they are separated. Their results have cleared the way for new technology based upon quantum information.
    0:00 The 2022 Physics Nobel Prize
    0:51 Is the Universe Real?
    1:58 Einstein's Problem with Quantum Mechanics
    5:09 The Hunt for Quantum Proof
    7:37 The First Successful Experiment
    11:06 So What?
    #Einstein #nobelprize #entanglement
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  • Science & TechnologyScience & Technology

Comments • 14 374

  • Gumshoe
    Gumshoe 5 months ago +7484

    I met a theoretical physicist the other day. I was surprised to learn they actually exist.

  • mauette2000
    mauette2000 2 months ago +322

    I think it will be a very long time before anyone can explain what this video is trying to explain in a manner that actually does explain.

    • Travis Ambler
      Travis Ambler 6 days ago

      Therefore, illusions.
      Conscious reality is a quantum system. Our mind is in a superposition where all things are possible. However, as we start determining quantum states, we lose free will, and reality becomes determined.
      That's why the scenario is impossible for you but not for me.
      Just beware that a determined reality makes you a slave to someone. If the system has to be drastically changed and you can't adapt, they will sacrifice you to maintain their system.

    • Edoardo
      Edoardo 6 days ago

      @ADU Aquascaping sorry i don't understand what are you ask me for.

    • ADU Aquascaping
      ADU Aquascaping 6 days ago

      ​@damyr What does it mean to exist if not to observe?

    • ADU Aquascaping
      ADU Aquascaping 6 days ago

      ​@moran a'amekh What does it mean to exist if not to observe?

    • ADU Aquascaping
      ADU Aquascaping 6 days ago

      ​@Simon Wallstenius What does it mean to exist if not to observe?

  • John L
    John L Month ago +16

    Incredibly well verbalize and explained.
    Tho for me personally, the logic part, agree disagree, has hit a weakness (relative to your own strenght at explaining so well). You've been able to explain to me what 99% of people wouldn't have been able to make me understand.
    Thanks for this video, thank you.

  • Cynthia Botsko
    Cynthia Botsko Month ago +13

    Thank you for this! Clears up, for me, a lot of misrepresented popularized interpretations of laypeople with major "Tartuffe"-like confirmation biases. And, yet, you explained such technical information in a very accessible way for those of us with limited knowledge of the subject. Much appreciation!

  • Jeff Currey
    Jeff Currey Month ago +43

    Maybe in another multi-verse I understand, but in this one the concept went right over my head. I will revisit this again in some other time and place.

    • Jacky Allard
      Jacky Allard Day ago +1

      ​@Michael Clark Agree! If this is the case then what exactly are we?? A simulation?

    • Nayan Pardeshi
      Nayan Pardeshi 29 days ago

      Comment that i was looking for 😃

    • Nayan Pardeshi
      Nayan Pardeshi 29 days ago

      Same bro

    • Pineapple on Pizza
      Pineapple on Pizza Month ago

      same dude :D maybe if im reincarnated as a phycisit

    • Michael Clark
      Michael Clark Month ago +1

      I'm still trying to wrap my head around the theory that the universe doesn't exist and therefore we don't exist.

  • ezosoro
    ezosoro Month ago +25

    I have never heard anyone explain things in such an understandable way. I need to watch more of your videos.

    • chris Oakey
      chris Oakey 11 hours ago

      @David Vaughn no, and my spelling is crap. but ask yourself which is more likely that light like everything else slows down, or that our planet somehow affected stars travel billions of years away before our planet existed?

    • Missy Mac and Blue
      Missy Mac and Blue 11 hours ago

      Bedreviter is one word, not two. Sorry, couldn’t help myself 😀

    • xofyck
      xofyck 22 days ago +1

      @David Vaughn a quick typo doesn’t matter, bedre viter

    • David Vaughn
      David Vaughn 23 days ago

      @chris Oakey are you claiming to be a physicist? Because you're spelling "lose" incorrectly 😂😂😂

    • chris Oakey
      chris Oakey 24 days ago

      the beautiful example of how physicists loose track on reality. this type of detachment from reality. this is how hubbles constant was seen as relative to us, instead of relative to light slowing over time (around 0.5mm/s/year). Schrodinger's cat is miss understood as that it is both stages. his actual point was our knowledge of the cat being alive or dead doesn't change the fact that it is alive or dead.

  • eggtart
    eggtart 5 months ago +12635

    I can confirm this with my daily observations. I can place an object on my table, countertop etc. It appears stable and should not fall over. The moment I turn my back, at a random interval of its choosing, the object will fall over, or end up on the floor. Initially, I believed it to be poltergeists, but I'm now convinced it's Matthew McConaughey

    • reknaseapasa353
      reknaseapasa353 9 days ago


    • Jolly Roger
      Jolly Roger 22 days ago

      Oh I see, I tried to pick up a bowl on the counter, and it kept evading me, scooting accross the counter, just out of reach..that must have been Mathew. Mystery solved.

    • catherine
      catherine Month ago

      but when it starts on its side, does it still fall over?

    • Hsing Yong Lee
      Hsing Yong Lee Month ago


  • Indigator Veritatis
    Indigator Veritatis 2 months ago +675

    This was really good. As an expert PhD in the field of theoretical physics, I am glad to see such explanations. Just kidding, I failed pre-al in high school... but I did stay at a Holiday Inn Express last night

    • Amy Jo Buchanan
      Amy Jo Buchanan 11 days ago

      ​@HypliX' AI is Artificial Intelligence

    • Zakiya Nafisa
      Zakiya Nafisa 14 days ago

      Do you really think you have all the answers being an “expert” ?

    • Diane
      Diane 16 days ago

      @Matt Smith dr who!

    • PostcardTXPeeT
      PostcardTXPeeT 26 days ago +2

      hahaha....I should have had a V8 🤣🤣

    • Goog Elle
      Goog Elle Month ago

      I hope you were able to get up early enough for their famous continental breakfast, lol.

  • Rahul Chadda
    Rahul Chadda 21 day ago +3

    I work with fluorescence anisotropy looking at proteins binding DNA so I really appreciated your polarizer demo- very cool! I wonder if you have made a video on double slit experiment and it's many variations esp. quantum eraser and delayed choice?

    • Schmetter Ling
      Schmetter Ling 20 days ago +1

      Why are you telling us that you an an unemployed guy who didn't pay attention in high school science class? ;-)

  • Moteh Parrott
    Moteh Parrott 22 days ago +1

    This was a great video, thank you! A very interesting follow on from a video I just watched with Deepak Chopra talking about similar things from a spiritual angle, and the understanding that in the present moment we are the conscious unfolding of the universe. I know nothing about physics, so this could be nonsense, but could it be that particles are linked through time, and thus through space? Almost as though particles have always been predestined to remain connected as one whole. The universe is ‘alive’ in that sense I think, infinitely connected, and our consciousness is only a tiny expression of that, although we can sense it through deep meditation/psychedelic drugs and we are slowly uncovering it with science too.

  • Esteban Diazgranados
    Esteban Diazgranados Month ago +2

    Excellent explanation. Thanks for putting complex concepts available to “normal” people. I am an engineer and I like these topics, but it is really hard to find someone who can explain with simplicity and with beauty like this video did.

  • Travis Tobbe
    Travis Tobbe Month ago +4

    Love his comment on the metaphysics of cause and effect that one should expect after performing a Schrodinger's Cat Experiment.... Obviously more of a cat fan than I. Still, a good way to weed out the lower level psychopaths before teaching them how one might collapse the relative field around Sol or some other similarly dangerous trick..

  • Olly Wood
    Olly Wood 5 months ago +1792

    I couldn't imagine a bigger flex than having gotten the Nobel Prize for keepin' it real.

    • T bone
      T bone Month ago


    • C McElravy
      C McElravy Month ago


    • Frankie Fish
      Frankie Fish 3 months ago

      ALI G would be proud!

    • Christian Soldier
      Christian Soldier 3 months ago

      @Pocnit Jesus loves you and He has a purpose and a plan for your life. He wants you to trust Him. God bless you and have a great day!

    • Pocnit
      Pocnit 3 months ago +2

      @Christian Soldier I recommend 79% dark chocolate.

  • Dokgo
    Dokgo 2 months ago +1

    It doesn't necessarily break locality if both objects are always next to each other because an object that small can be in 2 places at once. So the object that is moving to the right doesn't just exist to the right, but it also exist at least at the starting point, if not also at every measured interval when it started moving.

  • DKapwno
    DKapwno Month ago +9

    You know it was well explained when you're left with more questions. 👏👏👍

  • OBEY
    OBEY 2 months ago +6

    Quantum entanglement of two particles could be defined by time. One moving forward through time and the other moving backwards through time. This would give absolute duality in all things and give the illusion of being connected. The further the distance between two particles could, counterintuitively, mean the duality becomes stronger the further away they are from each other because distance = time. I'd also guess that these entangled particles emerged into the universe at the same time in the same place. Created in pairs. Or what if it's only one particle, and it is simply being observed by us from two different points in time, giving us the illusion of two particles acting in duality.

    • Quantum Mathematics
      Quantum Mathematics 7 days ago +1

      @Fragile Omniscience It turned on that energy of the universe is also zero. Energy is conserved into interaction. Zero is universal value cause it can be positive as much as it is negative or either positive or negative at all. Also there is two realities of which first one never happened and other one is never going to end. etc. the time is zero, there is no more time left and the time is never started so it is zero - are equal in value.

    • damyr
      damyr 7 days ago

      This! What exactly are those "entangled particles"?? The whole video/theory starts with and is based on "entangled particles". As no one gives any explanation what those particles are, and how they even came into existence, it's impossible to understand the rest of the video.
      The video starts with one particle splitting into two particles... Firstly, how is that even possible?? Are particles freaking amoebas or something? It doesn't make any sense whatsoever.

    • Fragile Omniscience
      Fragile Omniscience 23 days ago +3

      ​@Quantum Mathematics That's reasonable. It's not like there is some global time metric, we just clock state change into a normed scale, and measure the magnitude of the state changes, i.e. energy.

    • Quantum Mathematics
      Quantum Mathematics Month ago +4

      Time does not exists. It is conserved into particle interaction and happens only when measured than it is infinite.

  • Ed Hernández
    Ed Hernández 2 months ago +8

    What if the universe is a sort of conscience that saves energy by not "rendering" a particles properties until other particles interact with those properties.

    • Polar Bear
      Polar Bear 25 days ago

      That actually would make a very intriguing hypothesis if you could find a way to formulate a test and gather results. Interesting idea.

  • Dingoniner
    Dingoniner 4 days ago

    Hey, this was a very good explanation. I enjoyed watching, thank you very much.

  • AncientEsper
    AncientEsper 5 months ago +3300

    As someone who pays attention to quantum theories, my feeling is that the universe has infinitely more details and twists the more we look. It’s basically making details up the more we look, keeping up with what we’re capable of measuring.

    • catbat06
      catbat06 23 hours ago

      …almost as if analysis is a creative force?

    • Tim Robbins
      Tim Robbins 18 days ago

      @Ur'Quan I had a theory of the same...some subcontractors or different aliens jump onto the sim to create things. Different minds create different things. Some are artists...just look at the bird of paradise for example and then take the most bland example of an animal into our existence. We also have a boost every once in awhile as in the form of a genius.

    • Tim Robbins
      Tim Robbins 18 days ago

      @TheeRandomDude seems like this sim added God as to limit our collective minds. What better way is there than to divide intelligence.

    • AJ R
      AJ R Month ago

      @Emmanuel Aparicio Amen 🙏

    • Emmanuel Aparicio
      Emmanuel Aparicio Month ago +1

      @AJ R Absolutely! You are blessed my brother! I pray to see you on the other side! God is with you; by His Spirit; to empower you! Only be strong and courageous; and be anxious for nothing. He will lead you into the fullness of truth - in Jesus name!

  • Tre Vor
    Tre Vor Month ago +3

    Quantum mechanics is just like: in terms of a game, your players x and y axis on the map when located. Your character always exists, even when logged out, just because you can't see someone's character making progress it doesn't mean it doesn't. Quantum mechanics may lead to new technologies or steps towards knowing what the universe is but it really doesn't matter. It is just a measurement of randomness, like it is always there just not in a fixed position.

  • Jon Doe
    Jon Doe Month ago

    Since the way of observing/measuring a particle in the double-slit experiment determines what said particle will be (a particle or a wave), what would we get, if we had a way of observing/measuring, which would not influence the final state of a particle?
    Is such a way of observing/measuring possible?

  • Magnanimous Martyr
    Magnanimous Martyr Month ago +86

    This is the kind of situation that occurs when someone starts overthinking a subject and becoming so lost within it, that they are no longer able to recognize reality…

    • Latest Obsession
      Latest Obsession Day ago

      ​@magnanimousmartyr421 Your own need for understanding limits your ability to actually understand.
      It's simply what is more convenient to yourself rather than what is true.
      It's our nature to understand, though ultimately this isn't important so feel free to leave it be yourself.

    • Karl Drogo
      Karl Drogo 28 days ago

      @Magnanimous Martyr the thing is, that even those ideas are way above my head and those of the most people on earth and very often they are counterintuitive to our own daily experience they are actually impacting our lifes. Many modern inventions that you and i use on a daily basis like LEDs, electronics or even behavior of things in nature can only be explained by these concepts. And we are also using them to actually make our lifes better, weather its better TV screens, medical equipment, etc. So it actually has an high impact on your life
      And i think its quite interesting to try to explain those concepts to an broader audience, the problem ist that often concepts are only really logical in an mathematical sense, but that does not mean its not real or meaningless.
      Altough you can of course argue weather every new postulated particle in modern particel physics for example is really necessary but thats a whole different debate and you dont get a nobel price for some random theory. Thats the reason why the nobel price seems often a bit late for some topics

    • Abc Xyz
      Abc Xyz Month ago

      Well you seem like the smartest person here, have a cookie....

    • Reynald Roque Cloma
      Reynald Roque Cloma Month ago

      It's from the movie "Inecption"

  • Neffy Cat
    Neffy Cat Month ago +4

    It's nice to meet you, friend. That is awesome and I really appreciate your sharing this information with all of us. I am very fascinated by this. I wish you the best of continued success and happiness.

  • Pedro Arthur Dutra Hüning

    Wouldn't be possible to create two computers that can talk to each other through huge distances?

  • kika Hounslow
    kika Hounslow 5 months ago +1070

    Great! So, next time I'm faced with a situation I don't want to deal with in life I can say it's not real and run away! Thanks Quantum Physics!

    • Christian Soldier
      Christian Soldier 3 months ago

      WARNING!!!! HELL IS REAL!!! We can not hide our sins from God!! Get your heart right with God before it is too late... MATTHEW 4:17 Repent for the Kingdom of Heaven is near. Jesus Christ is coming soom!!!!!! Get your heart right with God today!!!

    • TeaParty1776
      TeaParty1776 3 months ago

      @David Lafleche Existence, not consciousness, is metaphysically primary. Consciousness (eg, God) is metaphysically passive.

    • TeaParty1776
      TeaParty1776 3 months ago

      @David Lafleche Distinguishing reality from ones consciousness of reality is a real need of mans life. Reality is real, is what it is, eternal, independent of consciousness and is entities that act in ways dependent on the entities that act. Change is definite matter definitely changing from one definite form to another.

    • David Lafleche
      David Lafleche 3 months ago

      @TeaParty1776 I'd say that everything is real. There are three ways to judge reality: surprise, continuity and change.

  • Ray Jones
    Ray Jones Month ago

    There are definitely different laws of observation out there. Things act differently when they aren't observed almost like a simulation buffing before it's observed

  • Pete Radice
    Pete Radice 2 months ago +5

    This is great. I’m glad someone finally proved the Universe isn’t real, and that one day my computer might be faster. I’ll go back to my job now.

  • aim eagle haze
    aim eagle haze 3 days ago

    What if you connect the particles twice? Will it reverse the process?

  • Andy
    Andy Month ago

    Question - from the moment the photon is split until BOB or JILL take the reading can there not be interference from other forces? How would you know both photons were initially connected?

  • S D
    S D 2 months ago +4

    I wonder if hidden dimensions would explain how particles can just appear and disappear randomly. Has any physicist written a paper on this?

    • Richard Clark
      Richard Clark Month ago

      David Bohm's 'Implicate Order' maybe?

    • Lampetis
      Lampetis Month ago +1

      Yeah, I think ur right. I watched a video, although I do not remember what exactly was said or the reasoning behind it. The only thing I remember is most of the video was about string theory and the strange experiment. Where they shoot out particles? Onto a slab/wall, with 2 opened slits in the middle.
      They then said exactly what u did, basically... That when they disappear, they would go to other dimensions, and not really 'disappear'.

    • Arturo Peñaloza
      Arturo Peñaloza Month ago +1

      @The Wise Owl yeah I think they're called virtual particles, but they annihilite right after poping into existence

    • The Wise Owl
      The Wise Owl 2 months ago +1

      Particles randomly appear and disappear?

  • Pericles Toukiloglou
    Pericles Toukiloglou 5 months ago +625

    They way I had "understood" so far, was that according to quantum physics, the property of a particle is random until it is measured. However, if I am getting this right, whenever we measure again the same particles, the value of the property will change again, to a previously unknown value (so that it's value sometimes is or isn't 180-Δθ) . If that is the case, the value of the particles' property could be changing randomly all the time and we just get a snapshot of it's value at the precise moment that we measured it.

    • KrinoDaGamer
      KrinoDaGamer 2 months ago


    • G
      G 3 months ago

      @Verum Just a measurement

    • Verum
      Verum 3 months ago

      @G What exactly is "observation" here?

    • G
      G 3 months ago

      @Guts Well yeah, random and undetermined mean the same thing in a lot of cases. But in this particular context: A random state would be a singular state that has been randomly chosen out of many, while an undetermined state is comprised of all possible states existing at the same time.

  • Synergism, Inc.,
    Synergism, Inc., 2 months ago

    The confusing part, might be the natural language- the polarizer, in this case- as the medium. Aren’t the media, both the natural languages and the polarizations real locally? Isn’t locality the variable, neither hidden nor measured?

  • Banjo Dollo
    Banjo Dollo Month ago +1

    What if you could build a Quantum computer with entangled particles but instead of keeping them in one computer , split each pair and build 2 computers , couldn't those talk to each other ?

  • Lobsta1287
    Lobsta1287 7 days ago

    The entanglement paradox should take into account the transit time of seperating the particles after the entanglement event.
    An uncomfortable result is whether the measurement determines the result when you are using deduction and not simultaneous detection on both of the entangled particles.

  • Malayan Grago
    Malayan Grago 2 months ago +8

    There are great implications to non-locality, e.g. I can now suspect that my dreams have some reality to it.

    • fable adams
      fable adams 2 months ago

      Yes the dream realm is just as real as the 3d realm in the sephiorths it is the 2nd realm in the tree of life

  • Matthew Hajicek
    Matthew Hajicek Month ago

    Wouldn't the polarization results also be explained by the polarizing film nudging the angle of polarization of light passing through by a few degrees?

  • Travis
    Travis 5 months ago +208

    I suppose this would be a great way to preserve processing power in a simulated universe. I mean, why compute anything if nothing is around to observe it? It would be better to have those resources available to be used for something else if the need should arise.

    • Rivaldo Nelson
      Rivaldo Nelson 11 days ago

      @Aaron Warner I never said we weren't in a simulation. I just said that if we were, the creators are cruel.

    • Aaron Warner
      Aaron Warner 12 days ago

      @Rivaldo Nelson well they would be necessary if you were trying to hide the fact it was a simulation. If I were to design a simulation and I needed to trick the inhabitants into thinking it wasnt I would start by adding things that would make you think it cant be a simulation if that's in there .

    • Maho
      Maho 3 months ago

      @Menno Boes Awesome! I need to watch that

    • Pablo Tochez
      Pablo Tochez 3 months ago

      It isnt a simulation if there isnt a base reality for it, simulations are ultimately limited by the energetic principles of their base reality, either by design or by nature

  • Michael Burke
    Michael Burke Month ago +1

    I like how he explained the movement of photons they either move vertical horizontally or somewhere in between 🤔 🤔 is that like your either alive dead or somewhere in between?And how do we know there is nothing faster than light or is there nothing faster that we know of?

  • Think_Care
    Think_Care 2 months ago +7

    2:50 here is my problem. We imagine the particle breaks into two ,then when one moves to the right "we know" that the other moves to the left. So we start imagining things but then we apply known laws of physics. This makes no sense as if I can imagine it to spontaneously break into two , I can also imagine that they will start dancing the polka.
    They probably do, until we look and then they will behave differently :)

  • nxlxn
    nxlxn 2 months ago

    So nice of these scientists (aka figures inside my imagination) to come up with this!

  • vitko mazzetti
    vitko mazzetti 2 months ago

    By changing the entangled photons on one side, which will change the photons on the other side, and then designing the computing necessary to interpret that change into the information intended to be transfer, could be a way to accomplish the impossible :)

    • sean h
      sean h 2 months ago

      but no, because, measuring one entangled particle does not reveal to the other particle that it was measured, and the measurement results are still totally at random

  • John Shields
    John Shields 2 months ago +9

    There is so much we don't know, we like to measure everything so it fits into our reality box, I think that we haven't a clue to what's really out there, we're limited to what our eyes tell us, I know there's much we don't know.

    • Luis Fernando
      Luis Fernando Month ago

      @Moneybagzzz probably less

    • Moneybagzzz
      Moneybagzzz Month ago +1

      We probably know as much about the universe as an ant does about the planet Earth.

  • Jason Armstrong
    Jason Armstrong 5 months ago +94

    Einstein (Podolsky and Rosen) weren't proven wrong. They proposed a question as a response. It just took a long time for subsequent theoretical physicist to respond. The question was so good it deserved a Nobel prize worthy answer.

    • Jim at Perfromix
      Jim at Perfromix 2 months ago

      @jasonarmstrong3463 makes a legitimately interesting point here. All 8 (at the time I read this) replies are also legitimate responses, so thanks to all for the feedback. I would say that in particular the responses by @slipcaseslitpace896 and @a_diamond struck me as being somewhat enlightening in the philosophical sense. In a bit of a summary ...
      The terms Real and Realism as used in this video (and indeed, in John Bell's 1964 paper, over which all the hub-bub is about) don't have anything to do with whether or not the Universe is real in the sense of actually existing. It has to do with a certain philosophical Realist-like Flavor that Einstein instinctively wanted to have as a core aspect of any basic physics theory, and Einstein further stated that his sixth sense told him that perhaps Quantum Mechanics (as currently practiced then and now, and which he himself helped to invent) was perhaps incomplete - that is, there might be more *stuff* that we have yet to discover and that might lead to a better understanding of why the theory of quantum mechanics works so well in a practical sense. What emerged was what one might call a "philosophical battle" between Einstein's team (including Schroedinger, Podolsky, Rosen, and perhaps even John Bell to a certain extent) and Niels Bohr's team (including Heisenberg and practically everyone else). The so-called Realist team versus the Copenhagen Interpretation team (Bohr's team was initially centered at his lab in Copenhagen). For many years, the Copenhagen Interpretation seemed to win out in physicists mind share. But actually, starting shortly after Bell's paper was rediscovered (and even more so after the Bell-Test experiments by Clauser, Aspect, Zeilinger and more) lots of differing interpretations were put forth by many physics researchers (there's probably a dozen or more interpretations of Quantum Foundations, as the field of research is now called).
      I believe that initially, John Bell somewhat sympathized with the Einstein team, but in his work toward the Bell Theorem paper, he showed that the simplistic form of a Realism philosophy that Bell had chosen to represent the philosophical leanings of Einstein and his followers, actually led to a contradiction when you compared and contrasted it to the implications of Quantum Theory along with the seemingly innocuous assumption of no information travel faster than the speed of light. This contradiction essentially forms a proof-by-contradiction (that is, reductio-ad-absurdum proof) of something. What that something is, is still open to interpretation. Some people have made wild claims that it is possible for information to travel faster than the speed of light, but as this video points out, virtually everybody now agrees that the Locality Assumption (no faster-than-light causality or information travel) is not the assumption that should be thrown out to eliminate the contradiction. Most people currently point at the Realism assumption as the best candidate for assumption deserving of being thrown out. That is, most people think that Bell's Theorem is a disproof of Realism.
      But even if we go along with that trend, Bell's Theorem is only a disproof of the particular specific form of Realism assumption that Bell incorporates into his proof. It is not a sufficient disproof of Realism in general. We have not eliminated the possibility that some other slightly different flavor of Realism might exist that is, in fact, compatible with Quantum Mechanics. The key open question is, what other flavors of Realism assumption might exist that are still Realist in the sense that Einstein might say "yeah, that's what I'm talkin about!" - yet in principle (at least) might turn out to be consistent with the theory of Quantum Mechanics. My own sixth sense leans toward telling me that such an alternate expression of the Einstein-ish Realism sentiment does exist, but we just have not identified it yet; and that furthermore, the proper identification of such an alternate flavor of Realism would actually constitute the additional insights into how Quantum Theory actually works that Einstein sought.
      Also note that the subsequent experimental verification (by most prominently Clauser, Aspect and Zeilinger, with the help of many others) of the Bell's Theorem theoretical work that was was completed in 1964, does not explicitly prove that "no Realism assumption can exist that is compatible with Quantum Mechanics" (or equivalently, "all imaginable Realism assumptions are incompatible with Quantum Mechanics"). Rather, the experimental physics work that just was awarded the 2022 Nobel Prize in Physics, albeit rather impressive (after all, how many physics thought experiments have eventually been converted to actual experiments?), only proves that yes indeed, there is a conflict between what the joint team of {Quantum Physics plus the Experimental Universe - these two agree} says, versus the particular Bell Realism Assumption that Bell put into his 1964 Bell's Theorem. That is, the Nobel experimental research simply doubles down on Bells theoretical proof that there is a contradiction, and our most probable explanation of that contradiction is that there is a conflict between the specific Bell Realism Assumption that Bell used in his 1964 proof, and Quantum Mechanics. Most likely, we have only proven that Bell made a bad choice of Realism Assumption. At least, that's all we know for sure. In order to prove that the idea of Realism as envisioned by Einstein and Team is actually toast, we would also need an existence proof (essentially a proof in modal logic) that demonstrates that no flavor of Realism Assumption exists that is compatible with Quantum Mechanics. As far as I know, we have not seen that yet. Furthermore, in any attempt to try to achieve the latter, one typically gets bogged down in semantics related to "what legitimately comprises a Realism Assumption."

    • slip case slit pace
      slip case slit pace 4 months ago +4

      @Knuts413 and what does that mean?

    • slip case slit pace
      slip case slit pace 4 months ago +3

      @Timothy n that’s literally the title of the video.

    • Knuts413
      Knuts413 4 months ago +4

      @slip case slit pace Physicists dont use "real" in the same sense we do, by saying the physical universe isn't 'Real' they are saying that measuring the physical universe does not affect the universe.

    • Timothy n
      Timothy n 4 months ago +4

      No one is saying it isn’t real. Something is here.

  • リコママ
    リコママ 2 months ago +3

    I also have this thought of the universe where it reacts dynamically base on the observers like for example if I am not looking at something (like it is outside my peripherals and Im not thinking about it) does it really exist? or it will only manifest itself if I become aware of it?

    • Alexis Smith
      Alexis Smith 2 months ago +1

      This brings the question of what is capable of observing? The universe existed before humans so who was observing before humans? Animals? What level of consciousness and deeper thinking constitutes as observation in the universe and what was going on before? Sorry so many questions I’m just interested in what you’re saying and I often manifest using the core idea of the Schrodinger‘s cat experiment. Was wondering your thoughts

    • Said Dream
      Said Dream 2 months ago +1

      if the universe is in a superposition and only becomes real when you observe, that makes you the only person in your universe, and the fact that you were born without knowledge learned about the people, world the universe who were there long before you can actually observe those things, and the knowledge you have comes from it not viseversa, means the universe is real.
      or else you are the universe itself according to this Quantum theory

  • Ray Horn
    Ray Horn 3 months ago +1

    If one could encode information during particle entanglement then FTL communication would be possible.

  • Michael Phelps
    Michael Phelps 2 months ago +3

    Would it be possible that we are all occupying the same space and the distance isn't as far as it seems? It's just through human understanding, at this point in time, that we think the universe is so big.

    • DiZ
      DiZ 24 days ago

      @Archana Kumari Dasgupta 😂😂

    • Archana Kumari Dasgupta
      Archana Kumari Dasgupta Month ago +1

      Yea sure, ill be france in 5 minutes.

  • Anthony Dower
    Anthony Dower 3 months ago +6

    When I was a shop mechanic, 10mm sockets would repeatedly go to another dimension and then reappear after using the 10mm box end to tighten the faster. I don't lose tools, never been that type of mechanic; everything has its place in the box and is accounted for before the machine is rolled out. It's really the only logical reason why my 10mm sockets would vanish and then reappear later. Or maybe it was Mathew 🤯

    • Paul Couch
      Paul Couch Month ago

      Having 5 or 6 10mm tools ,. Yes they do stuff in QM mode.

    • Anthony Dower
      Anthony Dower 2 months ago

      @Teddie I wouldn't doubt it lol

    • Teddie
      Teddie 2 months ago +1

      They communicate with 10mm spanners.

  • Kevin Martin
    Kevin Martin 2 months ago

    When one measures a quantum particle & it is (say) a wave; would that particle be the same if it is measured 1 second before or 1 second after? Likewise, if 30 seconds before or after?

  • G, Oldham
    G, Oldham 5 months ago +243

    I started reading quantum physics books when i was too young to understand them, about 1982 13 years old, now I'm 53 years old, and still feel i don't understand it much, but this video made me feel like i learned something over 40 years, because some of this was familiar. I have always been drawn to this, even though I'm mostly a trained engineer, and now an old man hanging out in a home mancave building a humanoid robot at a slow pace. Cool video, thanks.

    • Christian Soldier
      Christian Soldier 3 months ago

      WARNING!!!! HELL IS REAL!!! We can not hide our sins from God!! Get your heart right with God before it is too late... MATTHEW 4:17 Repent for the Kingdom of Heaven is near. Jesus Christ is coming soom!!!!!! Get your heart right with God today!!!

    • Raven Ragnar
      Raven Ragnar 4 months ago

      @Scott Hill My man!

    • Scott Hill
      Scott Hill 4 months ago +1

      @Raven Ragnar I hear ya brother… way too many hits of LSD on one sitting and thought I was on the verge of never coming back flying through space outside of Time and throwing planets around as if they were toy balls. But in the end, overcome with peace and love, and the ego was stripped, never chased that again and enjoyed science even more.

    • V G
      V G 5 months ago

      Get more insight from Ancient Indian Vedas, Vedanta etc. texts, which mentions reality of our cosmos which is in line with current Quantum Physics.

  • Chhangsreng P
    Chhangsreng P 2 months ago +3

    Thank you, so all of these weird physical thing is just a hypothetical situation of some theories being push to the limit to show that they are wrong. Also thanks for explaining how quanthum entanglement can be made, most youtuber just skip it and tell us that we magically have 2 particle that are entangled

  • Here Now
    Here Now 3 months ago

    I wish I knew enough to understand this - the Universe fascinates me and this kind of informed me but you know you are a non-physicist when even the explanations need an explanation!

    • Mark Welsh
      Mark Welsh 2 months ago

      I wouldn't beat yourself up about it. Consider this: “If you can’t explain it simply, you don’t understand it well enough.” ~ Albert Einstein I have a degree in physics and I don't understand this gobbledygook either. I suspect it is perhaps because it's rubbish!

  • Guy from NJ
    Guy from NJ Month ago

    Great vids and channel. Just found you. So glad I did. Great job.

  • aim eagle haze
    aim eagle haze 3 days ago

    "The only ignorance in physic is what you do not see". -Montell Hayes
    Meaning everything is already predetermined. We just have to "connect the dots"

  • Eris Gh0sted
    Eris Gh0sted 2 months ago +1

    I might be grossly misunderstanding both topics. But doesn't quantum entanglement sorta lend to being able to transfer information faster than the speed of light?

    • The Art Of Being
      The Art Of Being Month ago

      yes. it is instant accross any distance...scarry 🙃

  • fifetojo
    fifetojo 5 months ago +308

    Really well explained.
    I found this easier to follow than the PBS spacetime episode 👍

    • Christian Soldier
      Christian Soldier 3 months ago

      WARNING!!!! HELL IS REAL!!! We can not hide our sins from God!! Get your heart right with God before it is too late... MATTHEW 4:17 Repent for the Kingdom of Heaven is near. Jesus Christ is coming soom!!!!!! Get your heart right with God today!!!

    • Infinity
      Infinity 4 months ago

      ​Mary Antonio you can change your morality and you can allow external forces to also shape your morality. The thing about morality is that it is best explained with GOD I'm not saying that you cannot be moral without GOD everyone can I'm just saying you can't justify it without stealing from GOD. like for example "treat others the way you want to be treated" this is a quote from Jesus. Also if there is no objective truth then what you're saying is not true because how can it be true if there is no truth? If you say there is no objective morality you're saying there is no right or wrong it all depends on the viewer. let me try to explain it better.
      if there is one action that is objectively morally wrong such as torturing babies for fun or murdering six million people in the Holocaust then GOD exists. Why? Because only an unchanging moral being whose nature is the standard of Goodness can provide unchanging moral laws and obligations that are binding on human beings. Without the objective standard known as GOD's nature, everything would just be a matter of human opinion.
      Hitler, Stalin, child murderers, pedos, r-wordsss, cannibals, etc., would not be morally any different than Mother Teresa.

    • X - Force
      X - Force 4 months ago +1

      PBS Spacetime is fantastic, but I think it's generally geared to an audience more familiar with physics at the nuts & bolts level. I highly recommend Sabine Hossenfelder's channel here for much more informative and accurate (sorry Dr. Miles) yet still very digestible videos on these topics, including one exactly about this Nobel Prize win and what it actually means.

  • Tai Gill
    Tai Gill 2 months ago +2

    Seems like common sense that particles are related, especially when there is a split. If we were able to create proper equipment I’m sure we could make family trees for particles

    • sk ab
      sk ab Month ago

      Particle bonds make systems. When family is already a system, you don't need to go into particle scale to do so or do anything else.

  • Fatty Love Handles
    Fatty Love Handles 19 days ago

    it's crazy how life on Earth is so precious and yet here we are, so much drama except for the few who are enjoying life to the max while others suffers to the max.

  • Roman Vigil
    Roman Vigil Month ago

    Love the new new, keep expanding and keep an open mind.

  • Cincinnati Living-with Vic

    the more and more they study this, the more i feel like I'm literally an avatar in a made up world

  • Marishka Grayson
    Marishka Grayson 2 months ago +2

    This property of being non-locally real implies a deeper reality that we have yet to explore, which is very exciting. The inherent uncertainty is what makes the universe so malleable whereas a deterministic view would seem to imply a static universe where no change is possible.😢

    • waldroj01
      waldroj01 Month ago +2

      It implies that consciousness influences outcomes and fundamentally experiments are inconclusive because genuine objectivity is impossible as we can’t take the observer out of the experiment.

  • DragonMasterAltais
    DragonMasterAltais 5 months ago +87

    Superbly made. These particular concepts in a strange and inexplicable way, almost seem to make perfect sense. Whether or not something can be categorised as "Locally Real" has always been incredibly important, and I'm honestly impressed with the simplistic yet highly informative explanation given. This is truly exciting!

    • Infinity
      Infinity 5 months ago +1

      evil only exists if goodness exists since you wouldn't know evil without first knowing goodness. Think of it like this. you cannot have shadows without light, but you can have light without shadows. So how is it that we know why good is good? if you're an atheist you don't know why it's wrong to kill a person you just know it's wrong though you don't know the reason. You see we know the universe had a beginning based on The Cosmic Microwave Background, which is "the cooled remnant of the first light that could ever travel freely throughout the Universe" it is a 'fossil' radiation, the furthest that any telescope can see, it was released soon after the 'Big Bang'. Scientists consider it as an echo or 'shockwave' of the Big Bang. this paired with the 2nd law of thermodynamics shows us that the universe had a beginning and is expanding while also winding down. Not only did the matter in the universe have a beginning, but also the forces such as space, and gravity, and quantum forces, and time we know this from general relativity which shows that you cannot have space without time and you cannot have time without space and you cannot have matter without space or time! meaning that what could have caused the big bang would have to be outside of the realm of time and space meaning it's nonmaterial ! because nothing cannot happen to create something because there is nothing to occur to create something... So how does this go back to morality you ask? well would you believe it if I told you I just proved GOD's existence? You see GOD is outside of space and time! he is the one that was the cause of the universe he was the beginning, and since he is outside space and time. He is eternal meaning there was nothing before him he was always there and always will be. Now onto morality the reason we know it's wrong to kill someone is because GOD created us with a conscience con meaning with science meaning knowledge so when we kill someone we do it with knowledge that you just killed someone. The thing about your conscience is that it is GOD given society shaped. YOU can also shape your conscience the more you do things against it the quieter you make it it's like removing the batteries from your fire detector especially if you're loving the thing your conscience is warning you against.

  • John Cortex
    John Cortex 25 days ago

    There was a young man called Bright - who could travel faster than light. He set off one day, in a relative way, and returned the previous night!

  • Aylo
    Aylo 2 months ago +3

    I became more confused than I was before watching after hearing you try to explain something based off “one particle spontaneously splitting into two”

  • Jen
    Jen Month ago

    There is a nice photo of Michael Horne in his obituary. He loved to teach non-physics students physics!

  • Josh Walter
    Josh Walter 3 months ago

    So maybe I got lost a bit. But does this mean that there are actually "hidden variables" that somehow glue the particles together through their wave functions to create entanglement?

    • another creature of the sea
      another creature of the sea 2 months ago

      No. The point of the nobel-winning experiments is that no *local* hidden variable theory can explain the observed results, in line with Bell's theorem. In other words, the type of hidden variable theory that could resolve what many find counter-intuitive about entanglement was definitively ruled out by these and related experiments.

  • FFGG22E
    FFGG22E 2 months ago +2

    How do they measure spin? I've asked and asked and asked

  • SJKPJR007
    SJKPJR007 5 months ago +312

    Thank goodness this had a "So what?" chapter. Whenever I read or watch items concerning quantum theory I often end up wondering if it's significance is "locally real".

    • Christian Soldier
      Christian Soldier 3 months ago

      WARNING!!!! HELL IS REAL!!! We can not hide our sins from God!! Get your heart right with God before it is too late... MATTHEW 4:17 Repent for the Kingdom of Heaven is near. Jesus Christ is coming soom!!!!!! Get your heart right with God today!!!

    • James Macleod
      James Macleod 5 months ago

      @Nic holas Yes and why do we worry about the weather so much?

  • Maxime Degrace
    Maxime Degrace 18 days ago

    Thank you ya Quantum physic is the way ! That is why we need fundamental research We need all the Sheldon we can have :) Just Imagine how Copernic feeling was when star gazing

  • Enigma G
    Enigma G 2 months ago +2

    How do subatomic particles come together to make an object? I want to understand these things but as a layman it seems to me that "things", including our bodies, are different than particles behaving on their own. I have so many questions!

    • roundEarth360
      roundEarth360 Month ago

      @Emmanuel Aparicio hmm...
      I had parents. No wizards, golem spells necessary.
      Also, what a bummer - being told only after one passes away, that THEN everything is amazing.
      What's the point of it all then?
      To do everything this supposed 'god' allegedly already knows we're going to do...all that will happen?
      Nevermind all the needless suffering.
      I can't speak for Enigma, but I'd sure be disappointed to find out you - the one providing an answer such as yours - is an adult. That's my opinion anyway

    • Emmanuel Aparicio
      Emmanuel Aparicio 2 months ago

      It all starts with God… we are all made out of the “dust of the earth.” Then God allows for life to enter us… and He sets the limits and restrictions of whatever is necessary to “orbit” around our spiritual beings to make up our physical substances.
      Say we understand how these things come together; what purpose would it serve? To simply turn pebbles into gold? Or To understand reality and the God who made it in time for us to make a decision to be saved by Him before we die.
      Jesus will explain it all perfectly to those who truly want to know one day for all of eternity.

  • Augusto Cuervo
    Augusto Cuervo Month ago

    In other words, the lights we see up there in the sky every night are older than they appear. If we could see things in real time, many stars would have already gone into supernova or maybe turned into black holes.

  • Chinh Le
    Chinh Le 2 months ago

    The universe is real by the word "photon". Quantum computer exists. It's amazing 👏 😍

  • Nabi Rasch
    Nabi Rasch 2 months ago +1

    I was looking at the sun once from my front door. For no reason I can explain I suddenly ran to a door at the side of the house and looked up. The sun actually wobbled before affixing itself at the proper angle.

  • Nick
    Nick 5 months ago +499

    Man Alice and Bob have had a lifetime of stories together.... they should make a scifi tv show at this point jeez lol

    • AtlasEmAll
      AtlasEmAll 5 months ago +1

      Well according to Eve the eavesdropper, most of Alice and Bob's conversations are incredibly cryptic and hard to understand. That might not translate so well to a TV series.

    • typedef
      typedef 5 months ago

      They should get a room.

    • Smokey
      Smokey 5 months ago +2

      Add Ted and Carol into this equation and I might pay better attention.

    • jose antonio soldi
      jose antonio soldi 5 months ago +1

      @Old plugin pi 0900

    • FuzzyBear
      FuzzyBear 5 months ago +1

      Yeah. I wonder how big the fight was so that they'd each go to an opposite galaxy.

  • Brian B
    Brian B 2 months ago

    I'm a bit confused at the end - there is no way of inducing a spin on a quantum entangled particle? How do q-bits work, then? Shouldn't the spin of one entangled particle dictate the spin of the other? I don't see why the locality of the entangled particles makes a difference - where entangled particles are close together in a quantum computer, but somehow the entangled particles can't be captured into two separate devices.

    • Paul Couch
      Paul Couch Month ago

      I would just super glue it to knob and then just twist the knob.

  • Ziana Wind
    Ziana Wind Month ago

    Please do try to answer, or do make more videos about this, cuz I feel close to understanding something but we aren’t nailing it yet.
    How does this connect to the latest Nobel in physics, i did not learn anything clear at all with what they proved or what’s the point here? So was quantum entanglement proved or not? Has it been verified that entangled particles “answer” each other faster than light?
    Also what do quantum computers actually do so far?
    I enjoyed your video learnt a few things but it feels SO Nebulous! I feel I learnt something but it’s like I can’t really say what… and I can’t say I got a clue about what the latest Nobel prize was for.
    I highly appreciate your video and all the examples you gave and it’s fun.. but please please keep working at it.. I feel like when I was learning to do math and the teacher helped me with 2 problems but then class was over and I didn’t “get” how to do it by myself though it felt so close…. Please keep making more and clearer content

  • James Lummel
    James Lummel Month ago

    Actually, there may be a way forward on faster than light communication using entangled particles (@11:31), and quantum computers may be a part of that solution.
    The concept on how it could be accomplished is based on the thought experiment about if you had a room with an infinite number of monkeys typing on typewriters, eventually they would re-produce the complete works of Shakespeare. Questions is, out of all that randomity, how do you separate the Shakespeare from the other stuff?
    That's where quantum computing would come in (coupled with AI). If the problem is that entangled particles are random, then a large number of them could create pretty much any message you may want to transfer. It's a matter of sorting out that message from the rest of the randomity. It would be like listening to the static from an old analog television tuned to a channel with no signal and being able to discern patterns in the noise, kind of like how SETI is doing their search for other civilizations.

  • ringod123
    ringod123 2 months ago +2

    So what would happen if 2 entangled particles were observed at the same time in 2 different apparatus?

    • sk ab
      sk ab Month ago

      Quantum guys don't allow another apparatus in this experiment. It's illegal.

  • ebenlabs
    ebenlabs 18 days ago

    whoever does the visual presentation for this video deserves an award or a mug or something.

  • P110 K9 Solutions
    P110 K9 Solutions 5 months ago +125

    As an individual who miserably failed Algebra 1 in high school (and still can't do long division) and is effectively math challenged, you did a great job at making this easily digestible, and understandable. 👍👍👍

    • Eli Helbig
      Eli Helbig 2 months ago

      @Kinetic Literally the building blocks of humans, I wonder who built them together? *shrug*

    • Kinetic
      Kinetic 2 months ago +1

      @Eli Helbig Forgot to add, I think my favorite slam dunkesque argument would have to be the genetic code.
      The fact that there is literal code embedded within us should be a huge cause for concern for any atheist.
      Of course, this code came about naturally ;).

    • Kinetic
      Kinetic 2 months ago +1

      @Eli Helbig Indeed, I couldn't agree more with that assessment. From the discovery that the universe had a beginning, right up unto all of the intricate ENCODE findings and JWST data, it is evermore pointing towards theism.
      I see no reason for this trend to stop.
      As to the big bang, I am totally in agreement with the aspect of it that states the universe is finite and had a beginning, but that's about it.
      The materialist account of how the bb and subsequent formation of our universe happened is where things get wholly unbelievable with things such as inflation, faster than light expansion etc. To me it's honestly just laughable.
      I'm personally a YEC so I subscribe to a literal account of Genesis, but not on the basis of arbitrary preference, it solely on the basis of scientific evidence.
      Regarding the evolution stuff, yeah, there is 100% adaptation among living organisms, but that's about the extent of it.
      I honestly have zero problem with speciation, I actually don't mind it as it fits into the post flood rapid adaptation model quite nicely and offers a purely physical mechanism whereby we can explain biodiversity in such short time.
      If you haven't looked into "hyper evolution" via epigenetic factors, that's an interesting one
      I just wish more people were made aware of this information and understood the science, it seems as if everyone still thinks that science is wholly on the side of atheism like we're in the 19th century still, without realizing that the weapon of science is now in the hands of theist. Truly sad.

    • Eli Helbig
      Eli Helbig 2 months ago

      @Kinetic Yep, I'm a christian and I go to a pentecostal church as of now, and I would say that generally, many people incorrectly believe that science disproves the bible, where I see it to the contrary. To be honest, the sheer complexity of modern science, with quantum physics, relativity and the like, only affirms to me that only God would be able to make something so intricate and beautiful. So yeah, I completely agree with you, science is mutually exclusive with theism at all, and to be frank, the scientific arguments people make against the bible, are primarily based in theory, such as the big bang or evolution. To be honest, I see a lot of evidence for the big bang, given that genesis is written from the perspective of God, and our invention of a day being 24 hours doesn't predate God's creation of the world, therefore, it's entirely possible that the 6 days of creation in genesis, where actually 6 abstract periods of time.
      As of evolution however, I see evidence of adaptation as of now, which makes sense to me with homeostasis and all, but I'm still not quite convinced when it comes to speciation and evolution right now. Though I still believe, they could fit in the to genesis story.
      Also, I would recommend studying Biology for sure! I'm a second year Math and Biochem major hoping to go into Medicine afterwards, hopefully to help as many people as I can and follow in Jesus' footsteps by serving those who are less fortunate.

    • Kinetic
      Kinetic 2 months ago

      @Eli Helbig Ahhh, a fellow evidential theist / Christian I assume? So nice to meet like minded people. I'm thinking of entering into biology myself in order to glorify God through it, and show others that rather than modern science being against theism, it is actually the contrary.
      So who's your favorite org? Discovery institute, AiG?

  • Michael
    Michael Month ago

    If something like a photon oscillates vertically, horizontally or somewhere in between, that direction is relative to what?

  • D4m4g3
    D4m4g3 Month ago

    If you have a light bulb traveling at light speed and it is turned on, does one side remain dark (like the light is off) while the other side is bright?

  • John Moran
    John Moran Month ago

    That's happened to me on many occasions.strange universe we supposedly live in.

  • Alan Booth
    Alan Booth 2 months ago

    what would be the limit on local causality anyway - well its the speed of light and it takes time to travel any distance to affect anything- Ive always had a problem with the idea of simultaneous measurement on the separated photons - but anyways the result points to spacetime not being fundamental being an artifact of our construction

  • Jake the Pitador
    Jake the Pitador Month ago

    I know that my brain doesn't have pain receptors, but it still hurts after watching this.

  • Parashar Somprabh
    Parashar Somprabh 5 months ago +291

    Questions of science suddenly become questions of philosophy and psychology the deeper we move into them, science and philosophy essentially look like brothers.

    • Helen
      Helen Month ago

      So quite simply put man or woman who are in a relationship have decided they will try another without letting the other know and think they can get away with it at the same time in the same space without the other realising they are living in a false fantasy world of entanglement until it is too late for them to decide they are because it is already happening extremely close and 'locally'

    • Dexter Morgan
      Dexter Morgan 3 months ago

      @Abandoned Void not at all .

    • Hboig
      Hboig 4 months ago

      @Abandoned Void
      Science: What nature is
      Epistemology: How we know
      Metaphysics: Why nature is
      Logic: Relations within nature
      Ethics: Why should it be so
      It's really that simple lol, none of these fields are yet dead or fully taken over the other :P

    • Enshala
      Enshala 5 months ago

      @Abandoned Void Social media has made facts irrelevant.

  • Allay Design
    Allay Design Month ago

    Its interesting how by the end of the video you just switch everything and make the point of the video unsless, well played!

  • Tai Gill
    Tai Gill 2 months ago +1

    I have a problem with that idea as well, bc no matter the surrounding, anything that’s considered huge by literary definition will make a sound after a fall to a solid landing.

    • Ukrainian Patriot
      Ukrainian Patriot 20 days ago

      Actually, air will be "moved." Of course it will. And if eardrums are around, they will hear a sound. Sound is subjective. Moving airwaves are not.

  • peter picataggio
    peter picataggio Month ago +2

    so just a random thought. Could this then explain "synchronicity" ? I am thinking more in the sense where two people at opposite ends of the planet come up with he same idea and invent the same thing with out knowing each other or having ever "spoken" to each other? I know I have lots of spiritual types speak on this subject and it would seem that this could potentially play a role of some sort, you said there was no way to do communication but perhaps it does exist. Again just my random thought...

    • This Is It
      This Is It 8 days ago

      I had the same thought.

  • Salty Sergeant
    Salty Sergeant 2 months ago

    Most honest thing about space that's ever been made.

  • Caim
    Caim 23 days ago +1

    well if we can't instantaneously send information via quantum entanglement, quantum computers will be kinda useless won't they? They'd be incredibly useful if it was possible as servers who communicate with each other, while clients connected to them still used a regular connection via cable. it would mean we could send information to a colony on mars as if it was on earth. very handy. but if that does not work, what's it good for really?

  • Sesh
    Sesh 5 months ago +281

    Not a student of physics but I do follow the subject somewhat - I really liked the way Dr Ben Miles explains things - even I could follow something! Thanks Dr Miles

    • Sesh
      Sesh 5 months ago +2

      @Bluewolf Thanks so much. Surely look up

    • abacaxidotcaxi
      abacaxidotcaxi 5 months ago +5

      I agree, it was very well explained.

    • NC T
      NC T 5 months ago +3

      same here,lol!!

  • Mr Fixit Bass NM
    Mr Fixit Bass NM 3 months ago

    How do you explain what came into our reality from another reality or dimension through the star gate created at cern?

  • Kat C
    Kat C 2 months ago +2

    what i’m hearing is that the improbability drive from hitchhikers guide to the galaxy is closer to reality than i expected

  • someone
    someone 22 days ago

    We're getting closer to being able to explain "glitches in the matrix" and "quantum shifting."

  • T.Pelajar
    T.Pelajar Month ago

    The reality is different for everyone...(locality). Reality for me is what I have observed

    KKJKKJ Month ago

    Everything he said just moved over my head, Not a single thing I understood

  • Laureano Luna
    Laureano Luna 4 months ago +43

    Great video. Thanks. Let me comment that the statement that the universe is not locally real may be a bit confusing: what the experiments proved is that the physical universe is not both local and real in Einstein's sense. In addition, Bell's inequalities and Bell's theorem are related but not identical objects: what Bell proved is that QM predicts the violation of certain inequalities that logic imposes on all local and real universes. Experiments by Clauser, Aspect, Zeilinger, ... confirmed QM's prediction.

    • j mc
      j mc 3 months ago

      @Neil Down
      From a site for science behind Nobel prize:
      “The scientists' findings show that the universe cannot be locally real, as particles lack definite spin-up or spin-down properties (quantum state) prior to their observation or measurement. Therefore, the simple act of observing a particle changes its state, contradicting the rules of local realism.”

    • Neil Down
      Neil Down 3 months ago

      Local isn’t real? Omg🤦🏼‍♂️

  • Alice Thee Great
    Alice Thee Great Month ago +1

    The most important information that I got out of this entire video is this, I’m so great that my name is used in an example in it. I feel so special! 🤪

  • Fish
    Fish 4 days ago

    10/10 explanation and great editing and music!

  • ManasKumar Behera
    ManasKumar Behera 15 days ago

    Its too much complex for my normal brain
    But I actually wanted to understand and I failed 😞